Rumah Tradisional Pembesar Istana NS Didirikan Di Sanggar Bahasa,FBMK | MALAY HERITAGE MUSEUM
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Rumah Tradisional Pembesar Istana NS didirikan di Sanggar Bahasa,FBMK


SERDANG, 14 Mac (UPM) -  Kerja-kerja pembinaan semula rumah tradisional Negeri Sembilan milik Orang Empat Istana Seri Menanti bermula hari ini dengan bacaan doa selamat sebelum upacara menaikkan tiang seri rumah.

Pengarah Muzium Warisan Melayu UPM, Dr. Muhammad Pauzi Abd Latif berkata rumah lama itu secara simboliknya dimasukkan ‘semangat’ pada tiang seri (tiang utama) rumah sebelum ianya ditegakkan.

“Mengikut kepercayaan orang Negeri Sembilan dahulu, objek seperti emas dan perak akan dimasukkan dalam lubang pada bawah tiang seri sebagai penyeri rumah.

“Proses menaikkan rumah ‘Tok Tonso’ ini melibatkan proses memasukkan semula beberapa objek iaitu duit syiling perak tahun 1935, duit syiling baru tahun 2013 sebagai  simbolik tahun rumah ini dinaikkan semula, dan juga ibu kayu iaitu kayu dari pohon pertama yang ditakik ketika mula-mula rumah dibina.

“Kadangkala sukar untuk kita percaya perkara sebegini di zaman moden ini, tetapi itulah keunikan adat Melayu lama sehinggakan hendak membina rumahpun mempunyai falsafah dan simboliknya,” katanya pada majlis menaikkan  rumah di sini.

Upacara itu disempurnakan oleh Dekan Fakulti Bahasa Moden dan Komunikasi, Prof. Madya Dr. Abdul Mua’ti @ Zamri Ahmad yang merupakan pencetus idea untuk mendirikan rumah itu sebagai muzium warisan.




According to Dr. Pauzi, there are several structural differences between the traditional Malay house for commoners and the traditional house of Pembesar Istana Negeri Sembilan.  These structures are reserved for the royal family or pembesar istana and they symbolizes their status in society.

The noble house has six uniquely shaped pillars that are called Tiang Gantung tak jejak Bumi (Suspended Pillars) that supports the roof of the house and are connected to two sail-like gable ends named Tebar Layar Bertingkat Tiga (Three layered Gable) and Tebar Layar Mentari Terbit Pagi (Morning Sunrise Gable) that sits on the right and left side of the house and at the main entrance.

Dr. Pauzi adds that most Pembesar houses comprise five main divisions instead of the three divisions found in the common traditional Malay houses. The five divisions include the porch, the verandah, the main house, the attic and the kitchen unit.

“The unique feature of the Tebar Layar Mentari Terbit Pagi (Morning Sunrise Gable) is that it is placed on the outer side of the house facing the direction of sunrise.  It is constructed in such a way to help the house owner identify the direction of the Kaabah.” 

“The other unique feature of the house is the place for washing and shrouding departed family members as it is customary in Negeri Sembilan in the olden days for this to be performed at home,“  he adds.

The house belonging to Datuk Raja Diwangsa Muhammad Yunus Jabar, better known as Tok Tonso , was donated by his heir to Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) last February to be preserved as the Malay Heritage Muzium (Muzium Warisan Melayu), expected to be ready this September.


Updated:: [ctsakinah]

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